Viewing and Analyzing Indexing Results

Basics

The "Indexing results" dialog presents the solutions (e.g. unit cells) of all indexing calculations that have been accepted for the current experimental pattern up to now. It will either be displayed after an indexing calculation has been run, or if the "Tools/Indexing" command is run (or the corresponding toolbar button is pressed) when at least one indexing solution is already present for the current experimental pattern.

The Indexing results dialog is organized as follows:

The table at the top (the so-called "solution list") displays the main results of the indexing calculations (e.g. unit cell parameters, cell volume, number of (un-)indexed peaks, figure-of-merit, name of the indexing program used etc.). To its right, the parameters that were used for the marked indexing calculation are displayed. Below the parameter listing, a couple of buttons allow the viewing of the original output files, the copying and export of the solution list, deleting marked solutions as well as adding solutions (unit cells) manually.

If a solution (unit cell) is marked in the solution list, the corresponding calculated peak positions are displayed as vertical bars in the main pattern graphics. (Depending on your screen size and resolution, you may have to adjust the position of the "Indexing results" dialog window to view the important parts of the pattern graphics.)

In the lower half of the dialog, the most prominent dialog element is the peak table on the left-hand side. Here, all peaks that are somehow involved (both experimental as well as calculated) in the indexing calculation marked in the solution list are listed. A color-coding on the left provides a quick overview regarding the influence of each peak, e.g. if it has been indexed (green) or not (red).

The main controls are located on the lower right-hand side of the dialog. Here, you can adjust, copy and export the pattern graphics and the peak table, setup and run new indexing calculations, select crystal system and space group, export or add a solution to the match list. Both peak table and control elements refer to the solution that is currently marked in the solution list at the top.

Solution list and its controls

The so-called "solution list" provides an overview over the unit cells (indexing calculation results, "solutions") that have been found so far for the current experimental diffraction pattern ("anchor pattern").

The following columns (data) are displayed:

When a line in the solution list is marked, the peak data involved in this solution are displayed in the peak table at the bottom left. At the same time, the peak positions calculated from the current unit cell (and space group) will be displayed as vertical bars in the main diffraction pattern graphics. By default, these bars will have a light-orange color; you can change this color on the "Pattern graphics" page of the "Colors and line styles" dialog. The peak positions just mentioned are only displayed as long as a solution is marked or the "Indexing results" dialog is displayed; they will vanish when the dialog is closed.

The parameters that have been used in the indexing calculation resulting in the marked solution are displayed in the parameters panel on the top right-hand side of the window.

Below, you can refine the unit cell by pressing the Refine button. A least-squares refinement of the currently marked unit cell parameters will be performed, based on all marked, indexed or at least correlated peaks. The result will be added as a new line to the solution list.

The View output button can be used to display the original Treor or Dicvol output file for the currently marked solution/calculation.

The Copy button (for copying the current solution list into the clipboard) gives also access to the Export and Print functionality for the solution list.

The Add button allows the user to manually add a "solution" (i.e. set of unit cell parameters) to the solution list. This can be useful e.g. in order to check how a certain unit cell you may have in mind relates to the experimental data or the solutions resulting from the indexing calculations.
When you press the Add button, a new dialog will be displayed in which the unit cell parameters as well as the crystal system can be entered. After accepting the parameters by pressing <OK>, the new unit cell will be added to the table of solutions and can be handled just like the results from the "normal" indexing calculations.

By pressing the Del(ete) button you can remove the currently marked solution from the solution list.

If you would like to edit the parameters of a manually added unit cell, you can do so by double-clicking on the corresponding line in the solution list.

Peak table

In the peak table, all peaks that are currently present in the experimental data as well as the marked solution are listed. For each peak, the following information is given as separate columns:

Pattern graphics

Using this panel you can control some displaying options of the main pattern graphics: If you mark any of the three checkboxes Miller indices (hkl), d-values and/or 2theta, the corresponding information will be displayed at the top of each calculated (or reference database) peak.
By pressing the Copy button you can copy the current contents of the main pattern graphics to the clipboard (e.g. in order to paste it into some Word or PowerPoint document). You can also export the current pattern graphics to a file by pressing the corresponding button.

Peak table

In the "Peak table" panel you can toggle the display of the calculated peaks in the peak table on the lower left-hand side. Disabling the calculated peaks may sometimes be useful if a large number of them prohibits the inspection of the (un-)indexed peaks.
You can copy, export or print the peak table using the "Copy" button.

New calculation

Here you can quickly setup and run a new indexing calculation: First of all, use the Select peaks button to mark the experimental peaks you would like to use for indexing (if you have not already marked the peaks otherwise, e.g. in the "Use" column of the peak table). Afterwards, start the indexing calculation by clicking on Run.
If you click on the "Run" button, either the default indexing program will be run or the "Select indexing program" dialog will be displayed, depending on the corresponding options setting. If you keep the "Run" button pressed for about 1-2 seconds, you can directly select if you would like to run Treor or Dicvol.

Crystal structure

Using the dialog elements in this panel you can add more information about the crystal structure of the marked indexing solution (unit cell): You can select the crystal system and the space group from corresponding drop-down boxes.
If you mark the checkbox Use extinctions to restrict space grps., only space groups that are in agreement with the observed peaks in the current experimental pattern are available in the "Space group" drop-down box.
This procedure works using systematic absences as follows: First of all, Match! calculates the powder diffraction pattern for all space groups that are in agreement with the current crystal system. Afterwards, Match! checks for every calculated pattern if there are peaks for which the intensity value in the calculated pattern is zero while there is a correlated experimental peak with an intensity > 0.0 (i.e. for which the correlated experimental peak is observed). If this applies, the space group does not fit to the experimental data and is removed from the list.

Export

By pressing this button you can export the current solution (unit cell parameters and space group) to a cif-file.

Add to match list

By pressing this button you can add the current solution (unit cell parameters and space group) as a new manual entry to the match list. From there, you can e.g. run a crystal structure solution calculation using Endeavour.

Since an indexing calculation only reveals the peak positions that are in agreement with the resulting unit cell parameters but not the peak intensities, you have to select which peak intensity values shall be copied to the manual entry in the match list:

Close

This button closes the "Indexing results" dialog. At the same time, the peak positions of the marked solution will vanish from the pattern graphics.
You can display the dialog again either by running the "Indexing" command from the "Tools" menu, or simply by pressing the corresponding button in the main toolbar. Your indexing results will still be present, of course.